Nicotine Info, Withdrawal Symptoms, Side Effects

Nicotine is an alkoloid (a substance with a basic charge) contained in the leaves of several species of plants. The primary commercial source of nicotine is by extraction from the dried leaves of tobacco plant (Nicotinia tabaum and N. rustica).


Apart from being a substance found in tobacco products, nicotine is also an antiherbivore chemical, specifically for the elimination of insects - it used to be extensively used as an insecticide.


Pharmacologic effects - when humans, mammals and most other types of animals are exposed to nicotine, it increases their heart rate, heart muscle oxygen consumption rate, and heart stroke volume - these are known as pharmacologic effects.


Psychodynamic effects - the consumption of nicotine is also linked to raised alertness, euphoria, and a sensation of being relaxed.


Addictive properties - nicotine is highly addictive. People who regularly consume nicotine and then suddenly stop experience withdrawal symptoms, which may include cravings, a sense of emptiness, anxiety, depression, moodiness, irritability, and inattentiveness. The American Heart Association says that nicotine (from smoking tobacco) is one of the hardest substances to quit - at least as hard as heroin.


Smoking in the USA

Approximately 23% of adult males and 18% of adult females in the USA are smokers. Over 400,000 thousand premature deaths in the country are caused by cigarette companies, nearly 20% of all deaths. More people die as a result of smoking than all the deaths due to HIV, vehicle accidents, murders, suicides, alcohol abuse and drug abuse combined.


Smoking in the UK

Approximately 24% of the UK adult population are smokers, according to the NHS (National Health Service) - 25% of males and 23% of females. 114,000 smokers die prematurely in the UK every year.


The NHS, UK, says that about 70% of all British smokers would like to quit, but believe they cannot. Half of all smokers in the country eventually manage to give up successfully.


Cigarettes and Death

Cigarette smoking causes about 1 of every 5 deaths in the United States each year. Cigarette smoking is estimated to cause the following:


  • 443,000 deaths annually (including deaths from secondhand smoke)


  • 49,400 deaths per year from secondhand smoke exposure


  • 269,655 deaths annually among men


  • 173,940 deaths annually among women


Cigarette use causes premature death:


  • On average, adults who smoke cigarettes die 14 years earlier than nonsmokers.


  • Based on current cigarette smoking patterns, an estimated 25 million Americans who are alive today will die prematurely from smoking-related illnesses, including 5 million people younger than 18 years of age.


Why Does the Tobacco Industry Fight Smokefree Laws?

The bottom line is that smokefree laws result in a decline in the consumption of tobacco products, an increase in the cessation rate among smokers, and an overall decline in the social acceptability of smoking.


This all spells bad news for tobacco industry profits and explains why Big Tobacco is so highly motivated to oppose smokefree laws and to strip away control from local policymakers on this issue. Big Tobacco is fighting a war of attrition to maintain an environment in which its customers can consume its products constantly in any place and at any time. Don't just take our word for it. Here's what Big Tobacco had to say in a once-secret industry document:


"Financial impact of smoking bans will be tremendous - three to five fewer cigarettes per day per smoker will reduce annual manufacturer profits a billion dollars plus per year."

"A Smokers' Alliance: draft," Philip Morris internal document, July 1, 1993. Bates Nos. 2025771934-2025771995.



Withdrawal Symptoms

When an individual who smokes cigarettes decides that he or she wants to quit, he or she can expect to go through nicotine withdrawal. There are various stages of nicotine withdrawal, which some people believe start as early as 30 minutes after a person has had his or her last cigarette. Symptoms might start that soon and can peak about three to five days later before mellowing out about two weeks after the last cigarette. Among the many symptoms experienced during the various stages are anxiety, headaches, cravings, irritability and nausea. It might take several months before a person feels completely comfortable with his or her new smoke-free lifestyle.


The first of several stages of nicotine withdrawal begins soon after the last cigarette has been smoked. Symptoms experienced during this stage are both physical and mental and might include sweating, cramps, headache, nausea, sore throat, confusion and anxiety. A person might wish to treat some of these with over-the-counter medication. Of all the stages of nicotine withdrawal, many people view this to be the most difficult one to endure.


After the initial onslaught of symptoms during the first stage of withdrawal, symptoms continue and intensify during the second stage. This stage lasts approximately a couple of weeks and involves many of the same symptoms as seen during the earlier stage. During this stage, the person's cravings, irritability, tension and other symptoms intensify.


The longest of all the stages of nicotine withdrawal is the final phase. During this phase, an individual has endured the couple of weeks it usually takes to eliminate nicotine from the system, but he or she might still find a desire for a cigarette present during certain situations. Being around friends who smoke, doing activities that used to be done while smoking and smelling cigarette smoke are all things that might cause a craving for a cigarette. After several months, most people find that all of the stages of nicotine withdrawal have passed.


Some people feel that using a nicotine supplement of some sort helps them endure the stages of nicotine withdrawal. There are many products available, such as nicotine gum, patches and pills. Using these products is a personal choice and might be made after consulting with a physician.



Side Effects

Nicotine Gum

Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome when using Nicotine Gum:


  • Abnormal dreams; diarrhea; difficulty sleeping; dry mouth; joint pain; muscle pain; nervousness; sweating; weakness.


Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur when using Nicotine Gum:


  • Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); fast or irregular heartbeat; mouth, teeth, or jaw problems; pounding in the chest; severe diarrhea, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, or weakness.


This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.


Nicotine Inhaler

Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome when using Nicotine Inhaler:


  • Anxiety; coughing; diarrhea; flu-like symptoms; headache; hiccups; indigestion; mouth or throat irritation; muscle aches; nausea; pain in the jaw and neck; runny nose; taste changes.


Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur when using Nicotine Inhaler:


  • Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); abnormal skin sensations; chest pain; depression; fever; irregular or fast heartbeat; pounding in the chest; severe dizziness or headache; shortness of breath.


This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.


Nicotine Lozenges

Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome when using Nicotine Lozenges:


  • Warm or tingling sensation in the mouth.


Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur when using Nicotine Lozenges:


  • Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); fast or irregular heartbeat; mouth problems (eg, mouth pain, sores, or swelling); persistent indigestion; severe sore throat.


This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.


Nicotine Patch

Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome when using Nicotine Patch:


  • Abnormal dreams; headache; mild dizziness; mild redness, itching, or burning at the application site; nervousness; sweating; trouble sleeping; vivid dreams.


Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur when using Nicotine Patch:


  • Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); blurred vision; fast or irregular heartbeat; nausea; severe or persistent dizziness or headache; stomach pain or vomiting; swelling or persistent (more than 4 days) redness at the application site.


This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.


Nicotine Spray

Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome when using Nicotine Spray:


  • Acne; back pain; burning or irritation of the mouth, nose, or eyes; changes in taste and smell; constipation; cough; earache; flushing of the face; gas; headache; hoarseness; indigestion; irritability; joint pain; mouth sores; nasal ulcers or blisters; nausea; nose bleed; numbness of the mouth; painful menstruation; runny nose; sinus irritation; sneezing; sore throat; stuffy nose; tingling; tooth disorder; watery eyes.


Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur when using Nicotine Spray:


  • Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); fast or irregular heartbeat; lightheadedness; memory loss; severe dizziness or headache; shortness of breath; tightness in the chest; tremor.


This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

www.todosjesus.info
Free DVDs, Articles & Books
FREE DVDs & VIDEOS
WATCH & DOWNLOAD ALL OUR DVDs & VIDEOS FOR FREE!